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What is coronavirus?

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What is coronavirus
What is coronavirus

What is coronavirus?

A coronavirus is a group of hundreds of viruses that can generate to be noticeable in the sort of normal symptoms.

  • flu
  • coughing
  • pyrexia

and sometimes gastrointestinal corona virus symptoms are close to normal immunity disorders. The accelerated extent of the virus that induces COVID-19 has sparked trepidation comprehensive.

  • It is extensively and universally proclaimed the virus globally
  • The aforementioned virus has a two to fourteen day incubation period.
  • It is one of the seventh segments of this family recognized to infect humans. The third in the past three decades to jump from animals to humans.

In December 2019 there was a cluster of pneumonia cases reported in China. The inquiry found that it was prompted by a previously unknown virus now named corona virus so the corona virus symptoms are expected related to normal flu.

Coronavirus has genetic material and envelope outside which is environed by inflorescences it gives the appearance of the crown.

Origin of the virus;

This is called “beta coronavirus” this virus develop from animals and jump over to humans called “Spillover” naturally caused by the association of human with animals.

Prototypes

There are two types of coronavirus known as respiratory and gastrointestinal.

Coronavirus symptoms may be of two kinds

  • respiratory coronavirus symptoms are the common cold
  • Pneumonia
  • High fever
  • Shortness of breathing
  • Like the coronavirus symptoms earlier disease named as
  • SARS(a severe respiratory syndrome in 2003) that was caused by cats in China.
  • MERS(middle east respiratory syndrome) that was caused by camel in Saudia Arabia.
  • Now in 2019, several cases of pneumonia are reported in china that occurs through seafood and lives animal market in “Wuhan” and is transmitting from sick to healthy persons. Coronavirus symptoms can range from mild to severe.

Coronavirus Symptoms

In mild cases:

Coronavirus symptoms are mild and severe depending upon immunity. In coronavirus symptoms, there may be coughing(non-productive or productive)

  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Flu
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Malaise and fatigue.

In severe cases:

  • Coronavirus symptoms may lead to myalgias headache
  • Confusion
  • Rhinorrhea
  • Renal failure
  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney failure.
  • Accurate respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) or maybe death. Coronavirus symptoms may arise after 14 days.

State of coronavirus

  • Coronavirus symptoms are the state when this virus attacks the body makes your body feels like normal flu and coughing.
  • Coronavirus particles have spiked proteins that
  • emerge out from their membrane and they repeatedly stuck to the cell membrane. Coronavirus symptoms arise within one to fourteen days.
  • These virus cells “highjack” the metabolism of the cell and cells stops its activity. They may cause lung trajectory. The mucous membrane is also affected
  • Bone marrow infiltration is generated in several cases
  • Inflammation in small blood vessels
  • Pneumonia bronchitis
  • Coronavirus symptoms depend upon the resistance of the victim.

Transmission of coronavirus

  • Exact dynamics yet to be determined generally but research says that after coronavirus symptoms this virus spread by
  • Droplets which are transmitted into the air
  • By coughing and sneezing
  • By air carried by people
  • Through nose, eyes or mouth
  • Close contact with animals
  • Caring for those with infection
  • Touching something infected by the virus.

Diagnosis

  • After the clearance of coronavirus symptoms, viral genome detection is done by
  • PCR (Polymerase chain reaction) or RT-Q PCR test.

Laboratory Findings:

  • Neutrophilia
  • Lymphopenia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Transmintis
  • Increased LDH.

Imaging:

  • After corona virus symptoms appear these scans are suggested as
  • Chest X-RAY
  • Bilateral pulmonary infiltrates.
  • CT Scan
  • Ground-Glass opacities
  • Bilateral
  • Multilobar consolidations.

Therapy

  • No official treatment yet
  • but one report from Thailand of the physician using “OSELTAMIVIR” in the combination of “LOPINAVIR” with “RITONAVIR”.

Anticipations and restrictions:

  • After you undergo corona virus symptoms you must follow these security measures.
  • By covering the mouth and nose
  • By conserving a distance from patients bearing corona virus symptoms
  • Avoid close contact with those who are sick
  • Mask and PPE healthcare environments
  • Stay properly hydrated
  • Rinsing hands with Alcohol based soap
  • Avoiding contact with animals
  • If you face difficulty in breathing
  • Seek medical care early
  • Elude utilizing public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis
  • Manage a social distance of 3 feet (1 meter)
  • Respiratory hygiene
  • Avoid market and congested accommodations
  • Stay home.
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